very much in draft.


This page will give an overview of the bacterially-focused treatment technologies suited to the wastewater biorefinery approach.


Aerobic granular sludge (AGS) - commercially available as the Nereda system.

Anaerobic version - Paques.


Biogas production is bacterial, and an anaerobic process. (see the biogas page).


Rotating biological contactor (HYBACS)


MBBR - moving bed biofilm reactor

(commonly seen in ornamental fishpond (e.g. koi ponds) filters)